Als Kapitän der südafrikanischen Cricket-Nationalmannschaft ist Johannes "Hansie" Cronje ein Held in seinem Heimatland. Auf dem Höhepunkt seiner Karriere. All-rounder Hansie Cronje, who died on this day in , flirted with greatness but succumbed to temptation, exposing the dark world of bribery in cricket before. Hansie Cronje captained the SA team for six years and played in 68 Test Matches. Statistically he remains South Africa's greatest cricket captain ever. His global.
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Hansie Cronje Navigasie-keuseskerm VideoThe Hansie Cronje Story: From Early Career to Match-fixing Scandal
The couple is now parents to two children. For her education, she studied to be a professional physiotherapist. Bertha was one of the few people who Hansie faxed his confessions about the fixing scandal being true.
Cronje claimed to have been born again when he knocked over and killed a child while returning overnight from a provincial match in Natal in During his trial, he said he had been tempted by the devil: 'In a moment of stupidity and weakness I allowed Satan and the world to dictate terms to me.
The moment I took my eyes off Jesus my whole world turned dark. More than a year after his death, every cricketer who ever played with Cronje continues to defend him.
At the very least, they remain silent for fear of, as the Australian vernacular has it, 'pissing on a statue'.
Yet the adulation that surrounds his memory is, on the whole, irrational. Former opening bat Andrew Hudson, known throughout his career as 'Mr Sensible', sounds anything but that when talking about his former captain.
He was a South African icon. When reminded of the exact nature of Cronje's crimes, Hudson is resolute. He will be remembered that way. We still haven't had those tapes from India.
There's no hard evidence. How much evidence is needed when Cronje admitted his guilt and affirmed the truth of the tapes in which he was alleged to have discussed terms with Indian bookmakers, as well as his involvement with criminal elements?
Hansie was prepared to take the rap. To my mind, that's strength of character, even if he let an enormous amount of people down, including myself.
Even his lawyers were shocked when he admitted it. But, in the end, he did. Hudson believes Cronje is respected, even loved, because of what he achieved for South Africa.
There is huge bitterness out there, people saying he would never be pardoned for what he did. Some are going to grind that axe for a long time.
But forgiveness is not for the benefit of the people who have done the crime. Sometimes forgiveness is a way of letting go. Professor Tim Noakes worked closely with the national team but Cronje was clearly resentful of his presence.
He was making it perfectly clear that he was in charge, in all matters. It was also an invitation for me to be dishonest - he was looking for my weakness, as he did with everyone.
I don't believe he was serious because he never followed it through, but if I had offered them he would have been in control of me, too. He was always looking for the weakness in colleagues, friends and acquaintances in order to heighten his control over them.
Noakes believes that Cronje suffered from a pathological condition called antisocial personality disorder. Symptoms include fits of temper, a tendency to resign from jobs with no alternative arranged, bouts of heavy drinking, a need to control and manipulate those around you and a need for complete power, all of which were part of Cronje's personality.
His whole testimony and evidence at the King Commission was untruthful. He was, I think, genuinely without conscience. You cannot be in his position and behave in the way he did if you have a conscience: you simply wouldn't sleep at night.
He displayed no remorse for his actions, and even later appealed against the charges levelled against him. What emerged at the King Commission, Noakes believes, was incomplete, at best.
Match fixing may have been more prevalent within South African cricket, at a far earlier time, than has ever been revealed.
Noakes speaks of a moment in a game in when, like most observers at the time, he didn't make the connection. Now he sees the moment differently.
Then, between overs, the two batsmen had a long conference. When they finally resumed, one hit a ball straight to a fielder on the boundary.
When he got back to the dressing room, he sat down next to me and said: 'I quit out there. Did it look like it? Another event Noakes found peculiar at the time was the decision by several team members to make an uncomfortable, hour-long bus trip to a clothing shop in downtown Karachi on the evening before a game.
They appeared to do little more than browse through nick nacks and receive some free clothing. The coincidental presence of several members of an opposing team at the same store made the occasion even odder.
Perhaps the full story of the match-fixing scandal that came close to destroying world cricket may never be revealed. Noakes is in no doubt as to why that might be: 'There are people who are in denial for different reasons to Andrew Hudson.
They don't want to be exposed. They are fearful for themselves and for the effect the truth would have on the game, both nationally and internationally.
It could be terminal. After Wessels broke a finger in the Sydney Test, Cronje took charge on the tense final morning to such effect that Australia, chasing for victory with six wickets in hand, were dismissed for ; his direct hit to run out Shane Warne from wide mid-off struck a crucial blow.
He also took over during the one-day tournament when further injuries forced Wessels home, and at Adelaide became South Africa's second-youngest Test captain, after Murray Bisset in But there was no fairytale: Australia won by runs to square the series.
Wessels was captain again when the two countries resumed hostilities in South Africa, and Cronje wasted no time extracting revenge for Adelaide.
In six games in 14 days, he hammered the Aussie bowling for runs: he began with from balls, the higher of his two one-day international hundreds, hit , his maiden double-hundred, for Orange Free State and finished with in the First Test, which South Africa won by runs.
The double-hundred - next highest score was Gerry Liebenberg's 39 - remained Cronje's best. This was a period of transition for Australian fast bowling, though.
Cronje was given a harder time in England in and managed only 90 runs in six Test innings as Devon Malcolm and the young Darren Gough exposed a technical weakness against short-pitched bowling directed at his ribs.
Spin gave him no such problems, and his armoury against it included a ferocious slog-sweep over mid-wicket, played on one knee. When he made what was then Test cricket's third-fastest fifty, off 31 balls at Centurion in , he reached it by hitting Muttiah Muralitharan, the world's best off-spinner, for off successive balls.
In , he expunged his unhappy introduction to English conditions by making 1, first-class runs at Among his four hundreds was against Somerset at Weston-super-Mare.
But it would take him ten Tests and until to reach 50 against England, whereupon he did so five times on the trot: 81 in South Africa's win at Lord's, 69 not out at Old Trafford, and 67 at Trent Bridge, and 57 plus a duck at Headingley, where England took the series with help from some inept umpiring.
He was South Africa's top-scorer, with runs at Instead of penetration he went for strangulation, setting defensive fields for his seam bowlers and encouraging them to bowl wide of off stump: what Bob Woolmer, South Africa's coach, called "aggressive containment".
Yet when Cronje succeeded Wessels in , and began the partnership with Woolmer that masterminded South Africa's tactics until the World Cup, he was welcomed as an adventurous captain; one prepared to gamble.
Grace to win a three-match rubber after being one down. When the teams met again at Auckland in March , Cronje's pre-lunch declaration, setting New Zealand to win in 63 overs, was the catalyst for South Africa's run victory.
Something saturnine in his demeanour, however, spoke of arrogance and calculated self-control; his dour expression suggested few concessions to humour or emotion.
Yet there were times when the composure snapped. Shortly after becoming South Africa's captain, he received a onematch ban for dissent on dismissal in a Castle Cup game.
When the umpires rightly ruled Mark Waugh not out after inadvertently hitting his wicket at Adelaide in , and he went on to save the Test, Cronje hurled a stump through their dressingroom door.
At Cape Town in , he was fined for imposing his will on umpire Dave Orchard to refer a run-out to the television umpire after Orchard ruled England's Graham Thorpe not out; the decision was overturned and South Africa went on to take the match and the series.
He could certainly be articulate and persuasive. The England bowler Angus Fraser recalled him holding an audience in thrall for 40 minutes, without notes, and reciting "word for word" from Hamlet.
The Western Province seamer Craig Matthews credited Cronje with changing his life: "He actually persuaded me that I was good enough to play international cricket.
Pollock recounted being told to field next to a certain sponsor's advert, only to discover the sponsor had boards scattered all round the ground.
As with most great leaders, Cronje's personality comprised a complex skein of qualities. His captaincy record brooks few arguments. South Africa won 27 and lost only 11 of his 53 Tests in charge, with series victories over every opponent except Australia; in one-day internationals there were 99 wins, as well as a tie.
His record made a nonsense of the South African board's decision to appoint him for only the first two Tests against England in , even allowing for a downturn in his form and his apprehensions about the UCBSA's politically motivated policy of selection on racial quotas.
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June South Africa. Main article: South Africa cricket match fixing. Retrieved 21 October Wisden Cricketers' Almanack — online archive.
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