Wer kommt eigentlich am Ende der Regular Season in die NFL-Playoffs? Und vor allem: Was passiert, wenn mehrere Teams gleich platziert. NFL-Playoffs. Die National Football League ist nicht nur die bekannteste, sondern für viele auch die einzig wahre Football-Liga, in der jedes Jahr nach der. Zeit, für eine Erklärung bezüglich des Spielsystems in den NFL-Playoffs. Playoffs – Wer ist da überhaupt mit dabei? Zunächst mal: AFC und NFC.
NFL Playoffs: Modus, Anzahl der Teams und Bye-WeeksAlle Teams haben nur ein Ziel: den Super Bowl LIV in Miami. joydaisy.com erklärt die Playoff-Struktur der NFL. American Football Begriffe einfach und schnell erklärt auf joydaisy.com Diese spielen in der ersten Runde der Playoffs, an den so genannten Wild Card. joydaisy.com › sport › ussport › nfl › Artikel › nfl-playoffs-modus-anza.
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Bis erreichten jeweils vier Teams pro Conference die Playoffs. Dies waren die drei Divisionssieger und ein Wildcard-Team.
Ursprünglich wurde das Heimrecht in den Playoffs auf Basis einer jährlichen Rotation vergeben. Es gab jedoch die Ausnahme, dass Teams aus der gleichen Division nicht vor dem Conference Championship aufeinander treffen durften.
In den Divisional Playoffs bestand weiterhin das Gebot, dass Teams aus der gleichen Division nicht aufeinandertreffen durften. In der Wildcard-Runde war dies jedoch erlaubt.
Das Playoff-System wurde in dieser Saison abgewandelt. Stattdessen wurden die acht besten Teams jeder Conference für die Playoffs zugelassen.
Diese Saison war daher bis die einzige, in denen sich Teams mit einem negativen Sieg-Niederlage-Verhältnis für die Playoffs qualifizierten die Cleveland Browns und die Detroit Lions , jeweils mit Damit waren die Seahawks nicht nur für die Playoffs qualifiziert, sondern als Divisionssieger als Nr.
Die Saints und Packers waren als Nr. Ab gab es ein drittes Wildcard-Team pro Conference, womit die Teilnehmerzahl an den Playoffs auf zwölf anstieg.
Nach dem neuen System musste der schwächste Divisionssieger bereits in der Wildcard-Runde antreten. Spiele gegen Teams aus derselben Division wurden zugelassen.
Im seitdem gültigen, oben erklärten System bestreiten die vier Divisionssieger und zwei Wildcard-Teams die Playoffs. Das am höchsten gesetzte Team spielt in jeder Runde gegen das am schlechtesten gesetzte Team, und die Setzreihenfolge bestimmt auch das Heimrecht nicht das Siegverhältnis der Regular Season.
Daher ist es möglich, dass ein Divisionssieger Heimrecht gegen ein Wildcard-Team hat, das ein besseres Sieg-Verhältnis hat.
Seit der Erweiterung und Umstrukturierung auf acht Divisions gab es Bestrebungen, die Playoffs auf 14 Teams zu erweitern. Befürworter verweisen auf den Mehrwert der zwei zusätzlichen Playoff-Spiele und die Tatsache, dass die 12er-Playoffs eingeführt wurden, als die Liga aus 28 Teams und sechs Divisions mit jeweils 4—5 Teams bestand.
Mit 32 Teams und acht Divisions wurde der Zugang zu den Playoffs für Wildcard-Teams schwerer, während es für Divisionssieger schwacher Divisions leichter wurde.
Und zwar sollten nicht automatisch die Divisionssieger das Heimrecht erhalten, sondern die Teams mit den besten Sieg-Verhältnissen. In , the Chicago Bears 6—1—6 and the Portsmouth Spartans 6—1—4 were tied at the end of the season with the identical winning percentage of.
An additional game was therefore needed to determine a champion. It was agreed that the game would be played in Chicago at Wrigley Field , but severe winter weather and fear of a low turnout forced the game to be moved indoors to Chicago Stadium.
The game was played under modified rules on a shortened yard dirt field, and the Bears won with a final score of 9—0. The loss gave the Spartans a final winning percentage of.
While there is no consensus that this game was a real "championship" game or even a playoff game , it generated considerable interest and led to the creation of the official NFL Championship Game in Given the interest of the impromptu "championship game", and the desire of the league to create a more equitable means of determining a champion, the league divided into two conferences beginning in The winners of each conference the first place teams in the conferences met in the NFL Championship Game after the season.
There was no tie-breaker system in place; any ties in the final standings of either conference resulted in a playoff game being played in , , , two games in , and one each in , , , and Since the venue and date of the championship game were often not known until the last game of the season had been played, these playoff games sometimes resulted in delaying the end of the season by one week.
The playoff structure used from to was considered inequitable by some because of the number of times it failed to match the teams with the two best records in the championship game, as only the conference winners would qualify for playoff contention.
Four times between and in , , , and the team with the second-best win-loss record did not qualify for the playoffs while the team with the best record in the other conference, but only the third-best in the league, would advance to the championship game.
For the NFL season , the NFL expanded to 16 teams, and split its two conferences into two divisions each, with four teams in each division.
The four division champions would advance to the NFL playoffs, and to remain on schedule, a tie-breaker system was introduced. The first round of playoffs determined the conference's champion and its representative in the NFL Championship Game, played the following week.
Thus, was the first season there was a scheduled playoff tournament to determine the teams to play for the NFL Championship. During the three years —69 that this playoff structure was in effect, there was one use of the tie-breaker system.
The Colts came into the last game of the season undefeated, but were beaten by the Rams. This event figured into the decision in to include a wild-card team in the playoff tournament after the AFL—NFL merger.
During the s, a third-place playoff game was played in Miami , called the Playoff Bowl. It was contested in early January following the — 69 seasons.
Though official playoff games at the time they were played, the NFL now officially classifies these ten games and statistics as exhibitions, not as playoff games.
There was no tie-breaker system in place, so ties atop the Eastern Division final standings in and Western Division in necessitated playoff games to determine each division's representative in the championship.
For the season, a first round was added whereby each division winner played the second-place team from the other division.
In its last year , the AAFC would merge its two conferences when one of its teams folded, and use a four-team playoff system. In , the aforementioned issue of playoff inequity came into play when the San Francisco 49ers would miss the playoffs with a 12—2 record; they were in the same conference as the 14—0 Cleveland Browns , who would go on to win the Western Conference and then the AAFC's championship game against the 7—7 Buffalo Bills AAFC.
The success of the rival league would eventually lead to a full merger of the two leagues. When the leagues merged in , the new NFL with 26 teams reorganized into two conferences of three divisions each.
From the season to the season, four teams from each conference for a total of eight teams qualified for the playoffs each year.
These four teams included the three division champions, and a fourth wild-card team. Originally, the home teams in the playoffs were decided based on a yearly rotation.
The league did not institute a seeding system for the playoffs until , where the surviving clubs with the higher seeds were made the home teams for each playoff round.
However, two teams from the same division could not meet prior to the conference championship game. Following an expansion of the regular season from 14 to 16 games in , the league added one more wild-card team for each conference.
The two wild-card teams played the week before the division winners. The winner of this game played the top seeded division winner as was done from — The league continued to prohibit intra-divisional games in the divisional playoffs, but allowed such contests in the wild-card round.
During the strike-shortened season , only nine regular season games were played, and a modified playoff format was instituted. Divisional play was ignored there were some cases where division rivals had both games wiped out by the strike, although each division ultimately sent at least one team to the playoffs , and the top eight teams from each conference based on W-L-T record were advanced to the playoffs.
As a result, this became the first time that teams with losing records qualified for the playoffs: the 4—5 Cleveland Browns and the 4—5 Detroit Lions.
Several times between —89, the two wild-card games had to be played on different days. Normally they both would be held on Sunday.
In and , the games were split between Saturday and Monday because Sunday was Christmas, and the NFL had avoided playing on that day at the time.
In , both games were played in the Pacific Time Zone , so they had to be played on Saturday and Sunday to accommodate for time differences.
In , both the New York Giants and Jets hosted wild-card games. As they have shared a home stadium since , the games had to be played on different days.
For the season , a third wild-card team for each conference was added, expanding the playoffs to the current twelve teams.
The lowest-seeded division winner was then "demoted" to the wild-card weekend. Also, the restrictions on intra-divisional games during the divisional playoffs were removed.
Green Bay. Tampa Bay. San Francisco. The N. Minnesota is ahead of Arizona based on common games record to the Cardinals' Chicago is ahead of Washington and San Francisco based on conference record Bears' to the Football Teams' and the 49ers' Best net touchdowns in all games.
Coin toss. Head-to-head best won-lost-tied percentage in games among the clubs. If the tied clubs are from the same division, apply division tie breaker.
If the tied clubs are from different divisions, apply the following steps. Head-to-head, if applicable. Best won-lost-tied percentage in common games, minimum of four.
Best net points in conference games. Apply division tie breaker to eliminate all but the highest ranked club in each division prior to proceeding to step 2.
The original seeding within a division upon application of the division tie breaker remains the same for all subsequent applications of the procedure that are necessary to identify the two Wild-Card participants.
Head-to-head sweep. Applicable only if one club has defeated each of the others or if one club has lost to each of the others.
Only one club advances to the playoffs in any tie-breaking step. Remaining tied clubs revert to the first step of the applicable division or Wild Card tie-breakers.
As an example, if two clubs remain tied in any tie-breaker step after all other clubs have been eliminated, the procedure reverts to Step 1 of the two-club format to determine the winner.